Not long after planting, they’re nearly dead from termites eating the roots.
In some parts of the world, particularly parts of Africa and Asia, termites will quickly attack and kill transplanted trees and plants. They attack the roots. In the past, some very heavy doses of scary pesticides have been used to help the plants get established. The attacks seem to drop off once the plants have been in for a few months. Keeping the plants well-watered all the time can make a big difference as water-stressed plants are more readily attacked. If you do decide to use a termiticide at planting, make sure the product label covers this application. Opinion as to whether to use a repellent or non-repellent termticide seems to vary with locations and species and some find value in a systemic (such as imidacloprid) that makes the whole of the plant toxic for a while (even the pollen, so don’t use on plants that are close to flowering).